Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, State and local government, public accommodations, commercial facilities, transportation, and telecommunications.
U.S. DOE Alternative Fuel Data Center website containing a wealth of information on alternative fuels and vehicles.
Alternative Fuel Vehicle Refueling Property Credit
Internal Revenue Code Section 30C provides a credit equal to 30 percent of the cost of any qualified alternative fuel vehicle refueling property placed in service by the taxpayer during the taxable year. This credit expired on December 31, 2016.
Autonomous Vehicle is a vehicle that can guide itself without human input. There are various levels of autonomous technology as defined by SAE from level 0 (no driving automation) to level 5 (full driving automation).
Battery Electric Vehicle is a vehicle with a drivetrain that is only powered by an onboard battery.
Connected Autonomous Vehicle is an autonomous vehicle that has vehicle-to-vehicle or vehicle-to-infrastructure capabilities.
The Combined Charging System is a charging method for electric vehicles from the SAE J1772 connector. The plug contains a DC and AC option and is also referred to as a Combo connector. The automobile manufacturers supporting this standard include BMW, Daimler, FCA, Ford, General Motors, Hyundai, Jaguar, Tesla, and Volkswagen.
“CHArge de MOve” is the trade name of a quick charging method formed by Tokyo Electric Power Company, Nissan, Mitsubishi, Fuji Heavy Industries, and later joined by Toyota.
Charging is the process of recharging the onboard battery of an electric vehicle.
Direct Current Fast Charging equipment is designed to rapidly deliver direct current to a vehicle’s onboard battery. DCFCs commonly have power ratings of 50kW or higher.
Distributed Energy Resource
Distributed Energy Resource Management System
Department of Energy is commonly used to refer to the U.S. energy agency or a state energy agency.
Department of Transportation is commonly used to refer to the U.S. transportation agency or a state transportation agency.
Demand Response Management System
Education and Outreach
ENERGY STAR for EVSE
Compliance standards for electric vehicle supply equipment to receive ENERGY STAR certification.
Environmental Protection Agency is commonly used to refer to the U.S. environmental protection agency or a state environmental protection agency.
Electric Power Research Institute conducts research, development, and demonstration projects to benefit the public in the United States and internationally.
Electric Vehicle is the commonly used name for vehicles with the capability to propel the vehicle fully or partially with onboard battery power and contains a mechanism to recharge the battery from an external power source. EVs can include full battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs).
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment, or charger, is standalone equipment used to deliver power into the battery inside an electric vehicle.
Electric Vehicle Service Provider Company provides access and billing to multiple EVSEs.
Federal Aviation Administration
Federal Tax Credit
Internal Revenue Code Section 30D provides a credit for Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicles including passenger vehicles and light trucks. For vehicles acquired after December 31, 2009, the credit is equal to $2,500 plus, for a vehicle which draws propulsion energy from a battery with at least 5 kilowatt hours of capacity, $417, plus an additional $417 for each kilowatt hour of battery capacity in excess of 5 kilowatt hours. The total amount of the credit allowed for a vehicle is limited to $7,500.
Grid Management System is based on an architecture and guiding principles to proactively support changing requirements while minimizing disruption to existing operations, consumer commitments, and regulatory requirements.
Grid Modernization Strategy
Ground Support Equipment is equipment used in airports such as belt loaders, luggage tags, and water trucks.
Heavy-Duty Vehicles have a gross vehicle weight above 26,000 pounds.
International Council on Clean Transportation. ICCT is a research group and has published several reports transportation electrification.
Internal Combustion Engine
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is a professional association whose objectives are the educational and technical advancement of electrical and electronic engineering, telecommunications, computer engineering and allied disciplines.
IEEE 2030.5 is a standard for communications between the smart grid and consumers. The standard is built using Internet of Things (IoT) concepts and gives consumers a variety of means to manage their energy usage and generation.
This standard defines communications between Electric Vehicle Charging Systems and a device, network, and services management system, which is typically based “in the cloud” but could also include interfaces to site-specific components or systems (e.g., building energy management systems).
Integrated Grid Planning
ISO 15118 specifies the communication between EV and the EVSE.
Light-Duty Vehicle have a gross vehicle weight at or below 14,000 pounds.
Level 1 is part of the charging standard defined by the SAE for charging equipment using standard 120V household electricity.
Level 2 is part of the charging standard defined by the SAE for charging equipment using 208V or 240V electricity, similar to the power level used for ovens and clothes dryers.
Make-ready describes the installation and supply infrastructure up to, but not including the charging equipment. The customer procures and pays for the charging equipment, which could be funded by a separate rebate or other incentive by the electric company or other entity.
Managed charging allows an electric utility or a third-party to control the charging of an EV remotely. This entity could enable or disable charging, or could control the power level for charging.
Medium-Duty Vehicles have a gross vehicle weight more than 14,000 and less than 26,001 pounds.
Multi-Unit Dwelling is a type of residence in which multiple housing units are located within a single building or building complex (e.g., an apartment building). This is synonymous with a multi dwelling unit (MDU).
National Electric Manufacturers Association
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
National Institute of Standards and Technology
NIST Handbook 130
Uniform Laws and Regulations in the Areas of Legal Metrology and Engine Fuel Quality
NIST Handbook 44
Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Technical Requirements for Weighing and Measuring Devices
National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Open Access Technology International, Inc.
The goal for the Open Charge Point Protocol (OCPP) is to offer a uniform solution for the method of communication between charge point and central system.
Original Equipment Manufacturer, commonly used to refer to automobile manufacturers.
Open Automated Demand Response (OpenADR) is an open and standardized way for electricity providers and system operators to communicate DR signals with each other and with their customers using a common language over any existing IP-based communications network, such as the Internet.
Plug-in electric vehicle has the capability to propel the vehicle fully or partially with onboard battery power and contains a mechanism to recharge the battery from an external power source. This umbrella term includes both BEVs and PHEVs. Vehicles with a battery that cannot be charged externally, referred to as a hybrid electric vehicle, are not considered a PEV.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle is a plug-in electric vehicle that can be powered by either or both a gasoline/diesel engine or an onboard battery.
Ride and Drive
Event where individuals are given the opportunity to ride in or drive an EV.
ROEV is an EV industry trade association created to increase the appeal of EVs by enabling charging network interoperability in the United States.
Renewable Portfolio Standard
Rubber Tired Gantry is a mobile gantry crane used to stack and transfer shipping containers.
Total Cost of Ownership is a financial estimate that accounts for both purchase price and continued, variable operating costs of an asset.
Transportation Network Company is a company that connects passengers with drivers via a mobile app or website. Example companies include Uber and Lyft.
Time-of-use often refers to electricity rates that can vary by the time of day. TOU rates can also be structured to vary by season.
Technology Readiness Level is a way to estimate technology maturity. NASA has a nine-step TRL that begins with basic principles observed and reported and ends with actual system proven through successful mission operations.
Truck Refrigeration Unit is a device that is installed in a truck to refrigerate a truck’s storage compartment.
V1G refers to vehicles only capable of receiving power from the electrical grid to the onboard battery. This can also commonly be referred to as demand response for EVs.
Vehicle-to-Building refers to vehicles capable of sending power from the onboard battery to a building.
Vehicle-to-Grid refers to vehicles capable of receiving power to the onboard battery from the electrical grid and vice-versa.
Vehicle-to-Home refers to vehicles capable of sending power from the onboard battery to a home.
U.S. DOT’s Voluntary Airport Low Emissions Program is a national program available to all commercial service airports and is designed to reduce airport ground emissions.
Vehicle Miles Traveled
Virtual Power Plant (VPP) is a cloud-based distributed power plant that aggregates the capacities of heterogeneous energy resources for the purposes of enhancing power generation, as well as trading or selling power on the open market.
Zero Emission Vehicle is a vehicle with no tailpipe emissions and includes battery electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles.